Ferns are nonflowering plants that is composed of and reproduced by spores. There are approximately 10,500 species of ferns, but some estimate this number to be as high as 15,000.
Ferns thrive in a variety of habitats varying from the deserts to rainforests, but the majority are tropical. Whether you are need of a hanging basket plant, ground cover or erosion control there is a fern for the job!
The most important step in Fern care is making sure that it is provided with an environment suited for healthy growth. Cool weather and high humidity are ideal. Make sure your plant receives plenty of indirect sunlight and during the winter consider providing additional humidity if possible.
Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata) enjoy damp soil, being misted with water several times per week or being tray of pebbles and water to create humidity. Dry soil is the root cause in the death of ferns and when grown in a hanging basket the soil tends to dry out faster than if it were placed in the ground so special care is required.
As we have learned ferns love a being kept moist, but over watering remains a threat that can have grave consequences like root rot. Make sure the soil of your fern remains moist on a day-to-day basis, but never soaked. Ferns such as our Boston Hanging Fern comes with a hole provided in the pot to allow excess water to drain. When planted in the ground it is common for the soil to be high to organic material and well-draining.
The # 1 rule for our ferns is to never allow the soil to become completely dry!
While hanging ferns are often the focus of these plants it isn’t uncommon for them to be placed directly into the ground. As we have discussed ferns like their soil to be more moist than dry so find a location in your landscape where the soil doesn’t dry out too quickly and your fern will be happy.
If the place you would like to place your Boston Fern is too dry add peat moss to the soil before planting as this will increase its ability to retain water. While you’re at it, add some compost or slow-release fertilizer to ensure the fern has plenty of nutrients.