Free Shipping On Orders Over $100

Order by Phone - 1-866-618-5659

What Are Agapanthus Plants and How to Care For Them

Written by: PBM Team



Time to read 3 min

Native to the southern tip of Africa, Agapanthus plants, or Lily of the Nile, as they are commonly known, are a beautiful addition to any garden. These perennial plants are cherished for their striking clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers and strappy, grass-like foliage.

A Closer Look at Agapanthus Plants

Agapanthus, also known as Lily of the Nile, is a stunning plant in the Amaryllidaceae family. These plants originated in South Africa but are now grown in gardens worldwide, admired for their beautiful blooms and attractive foliage.

Agapanthus plants are herbaceous perennials that naturally grow in clumps, producing large, round clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers. These flowers come in different shades of blue, purple, and white. Their long, strappy leaves add a touch of elegance to the plant's overall look.

These plants are known for their hardiness and adaptability, making them an excellent choice for garden beds and containers. They can tolerate drought and thrive in various soil types, although they prefer soil that drains well.

Some of the most popular varieties of Agapanthus include:

  • Agapanthus africanus: Known for its bold blue flowers and strap-like leaves, this is the most commonly grown species.
  • Agapanthus praecox: This variety, also known as the Common Agapanthus, produces large clusters of blue or white flowers.
  • Agapanthus orientalis: This variety features striking deep blue or purple flowers and can reach impressive heights.

Whether you're a newbie to gardening or a seasoned plant lover, Agapanthus plants are a worthwhile addition to any garden. Their vibrant blooms and low maintenance make them a favorite among gardeners.

White and purple Queen Mum Agapanthus plants in dark containers

Queen Mum Agapanthus Planted in a decorative container

Planting Agapanthus Plants

Knowing how to properly plant and care for these beautiful flowering perennials is vital to adding Agapanthus or Lily of the Nile to your landscape.

How Much Sun Does Agapanthus Need?

Agapanthus plants need a location that gets full sun or partial shade. They love the sunshine but can handle a bit of shade. You can plant them in full-sun locations such as along borders or in mixed beds that lack shade. If planted in full-shade locations, they likely will not bloom.

What is the proper soil condition for Lily of the Nile?

Ensure the area you choose has well-draining soil, as Agapanthus plants don't do well in overly wet conditions and can be susceptible to root rot. If planted in a container, make sure it drains well. Although they are tropical-looking plants, they are not overly thirsty and drought-tolerant.

Preparing the soil is an essential step before planting. Agapanthus plants prefer fertile, loamy soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. You can add organic matter, such as compost or pine bark soil conditioner, to improve the soil's drainage and fertility. Mix the organic matter into the top few inches of soil to create a nutrient-rich environment for your plants.

When is the best time to plant Agapanthus?

The best time to plant Agapanthus is in the spring or fall. These seasons provide optimal growing conditions. Planting in the spring allows the plants to establish their roots before the hot summer months, while fall planting gives them a head start for the following year. Avoid planting Agapanthus during the hottest summer months or in freezing winter conditions.

By following these steps, you'll be on your way to successfully planting and caring for your Agapanthus plants. Remember to choose the right location, prepare the soil adequately, and pick the best time to plant. With proper care and attention, your Agapanthus plants will reward you with their stunning blooms year after year.

Caring for Your Agapanthus Plants

If you're considering adding Agapanthus, or Lily of the Nile, to your garden, here are a few tips to maximize your flowering perennials.

Watering and Fertilizing:

Agapanthus plants need well-draining soil. Water them deeply but infrequently, letting the soil dry out slightly between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other problems. During the hot summer, provide regular irrigation to keep the soil consistently moist. For fertilizing, use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring and mid-summer to promote healthy growth and abundant blooms.


Pruning Agapanthus plants is essential for their health and vigor. Remove any dead or damaged foliage in late winter or early spring by cutting it down to the base. This will encourage new growth and prevent the plant from becoming overcrowded. Deadheading spent flowers can help extend the blooming period and keep the plant looking tidy.

Pests and Diseases

Generally, Agapanthus plants are hardy and resistant to pests and diseases. However, they can occasionally be susceptible to aphids, snails, and slugs. Regularly check your plants for signs of infestation and take appropriate measures to control these pests. An organic insecticide, such as Neem Oil, or companion plants that repel pests can help keep your Agapanthus healthy.

Preparing Your Agapanthus Plants for Winter

Frost Protection

Agapanthus plants are sensitive to frost and freezing temperatures. To protect them, apply a thick layer of mulch around the base of the plants. This helps insulate the soil and prevents frost from reaching the roots. If a hard freeze is expected, you can cover the plants with a frost cloth or burlap.

Agapanthus Plants We Carry


I want to know about deer?

Carolynn Lamb

Leave a comment